Coburg in Bavaria has a certain importance for the British Royal Family, in fact it was the capital of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from which Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria, came from.
If you want to see where Prince Albert was born, you should venture to the east of Coburg and visit Schloss Rosenau. Even if you are not fond of the history of the monarchs of Great Britain there are many reasons to visit Coburg, it is located in Bavaria, not far from Nuremberg and near the Thuringian Forest. It has a lot to see and discover.
Coburg has an excellent old town, small but well kept. It also has Schloss Ehrenburg which was the residence of the Dukes of Coburg until 1918. But many come here to see Veste Coburg, one of the great medieval German castles.
The old town or Altstadt is still dominated by three of the original medieval gates. In the middle you will find the market that has a statue of Prince Albert, the duchy of Saxe-Coburg was not very large but had the diplomatic ability to marry offspring into renowned royal houses of the time. Undoubtedly that of Prince Albert with Queen Victoria remains one of their great successes.
In the small centre you will find some Renaissance buildings to admire such as the old town hall or Stadthaus, Coburger Erker or the Rathaus. Have look at the pharmacy that has existed since 1500 and is still open.
The main church of Coburg in Bavaria is located in the historic centre and is called St Moriz. This is where Martin Luther preached to people, take a good look at it is definitely lopsided. If you walk towards the Veste Coburg which is located on a small hill you will have to pass by Schlossplatz which houses both the Palais Edinburgh which was the home of Alfred son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and Duke of Edinburgh and the Schloss Ehrenburg. The latter was build in a Tudor style revival although almost everything dates back to the 1800s but has an older structure inside that was built around 1500.
Parts of the Renaissance castle can still be found in the southern part, very little is left after a great fire in the late 1600s. fire the duke commissioned several Italian artists to create new interiors. Among these we have the famous Hall of the Giants with 28 Atlas figures that seem to hold the ceiling. If the exteriors are in English style and the room of the giants was created by Italians, the throne room is instead a copy of that of Napoleon and therefore definitely French.
If you continue on foot (you can also go there by bus, taking the number 5) you will arrive after about 20 minutes at the Veste Coburg, the large medieval fortress that dominates the city.
From the Schlossplatz you will find a staircase that takes you to the Hofgarten, a large park and in 20 minutes you can go up to the fortress. It is worth going up not only to see a military fortress but also for its art collection and the ducal apartments.
Among the art you can see you will find works by Lucas Cranach, Hans Holbein and Matthias Grünewald. You can also visit a collection of wood carvings and the apartment where Martin Luther lived.